What Was the Massachusetts Charter?

The Massachusetts Charter was a document that was issued by the English co-rulers William and Mary in 1691, which defined the government of the American colonies. The lands delineated in the charter were lands drawn from those previously belonging to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth Colony, and portions of the province of New York. This charter also appointed a governor, a deputy governor, and secretary who would be elected by a council. It established freedom of religion and discarded religious restrictions on voting and elections.

The original copy of the Massachusetts Charter.

The original copy of the Massachusetts Charter.

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